I have always wondered how the internet came into being. How such phenomenal invention came into conception and became the cream of the crop at the current generation. As far as it is turned out to be, I have learned considerable things that I ought to express.
It started in 1957 when there was a problem at batch processing and manual programming. There was also a problem with the release of the German Satellite Sputnik I that became a catalyst for America’s DARPA- Defence Advance Research Project Agency (a terminology I just learned about) to make its move to secure technological advancement. They conceived a large scale computer network named ARPANET. It is a collective collaboration of 3 major sectors namely : RAND Corp.(U.S Military Network), NPC (National Physics Lab in England), and CYCLADS (Scientific Network in France) which later become the foundations of modern internet. It is ran by an IMP (Interface Message Processor) and has 2 network working groups namely NCP (Network Control Protocol) and TCP (Transmission Control Protocol). After many happenings, it evolved and on February 28, 1990 ARPANET was shut down but the internet was up and cunning.
The internet is indefinitely a vital tool that assists us on a daily basis. Knowing how it came into being makes us aware of its relevance and capabilities today and the coming days.
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“To visualize the future of IBM, you must know something about the past.” A quote from Thomas J. Watson Sr (ex-Chairman of IBM)
IBM, International Business Machines, is the largest computer company in the world. As I watched the clip, I learned that this company contributed so much in our world especially on technology. It plays an important role in transforming business, science, and society for a century now. I am amazed on how they could do or change our world since before.
They may not make computers anymore but they are still in demand. There are still softwares and systems running on Mainframe (large commercial) computers that they still maintain such as TSO, IBM/MVS,etc.
I learned some ideas that helped build IBM:
- Have respect for the individual
- Pursue all task with a great idea
- Give a best service of any company around the world
So basically, “THINK” is one unifying thread that connects all IBM. Thinking about values, about the needs of the customers, and trust at levels deeper and ahead of others. IBM is really a special company and ideal work place to work with.
“For IBMers, long-term thinking means continually moving to the future,” said by the current Chairman of the Board and CEO of IBM Samuel J. Palmisano. It’s the key lesson of IBM over 100 years. No wonder they are still successful since then, now, and counting.
IBM is really a great company. Being a centennial company is what makes it more special and inspiring. It tells us that running a big business is possible in over a century and still makes it more progressive and still be on the top.
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Computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out an arbitrary set of arithmetic or logical operations automatically (source: Wikipedia). Computers are very rampant nowadays. All ages know how to use it and even own one. We watched a short video about history of computers in my Computer class and learned several facts about it.
Around 300 BC, the Abacus used pebbles for addition and subtraction in Babylon. In 1930’s, the first computer invented to use the yes or no principle was called Z Computer. Then the Mark 1 was invented during WW 1 for ballistic calculations. In 1951, UNIVAC was invented. IBM entered the scene in 1953, they made a computer called 701 then improvised into 704. Because of IBM’s 704, programmers create the first easy programming language called FORTRAN. In 1960, IBM released the world’s fastest computer.
In 1980’s is the beginning of where modern computer starts to take place. In 1981, IBM released the IBM PC. The company Xerox made the XEROX Star 8010 that featured a Graphical User Interface in year 1980. Steve Job then founded Apple Computers, Inc. Steve Job visited Xerox and saw their GUI system. A Xerox scientist who made the GUI gave the GUI he developed to Steve Jobs thus the released of Lisa in 1983. Apple then released Macintosh. Then here comes Bill Gate, who founded Microsoft. Microsoft released Windows 1.0 in 1985. In 1987, they released Windows 2.0. Apple then released iMac. In 2001, things have changed when Apple release the Mac OSXMac OSX. It was Apple’s most powerful system. The Windows XP was released also on the same year. In 2007, Microsoft released Windows Vista then Windows 7 in 2009.
As I watched the given video, I can really tell that computer technology increased more in last 5 years than in last 100 years. Because of this advances, we can now do things easier. Salute to the inventors who contributed making such phenomenal machine!
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“The biggest success comes from every small step.” We all know that in today’s generation we only have the best, which means all or nothing. Simply because life is now easier for us considering our modern technology.
Before technology expanded, went deeper, and became a need in our everyday lives, we had a simple way of living: farming, fishing, carpentry, and many more. Now that we came to see and realize the modern reality, came the magic of technology. This made our lives easier. Machines were built for farming, fishing, and carpentry to be made easier. But the most important discovery and inventions were technologies used for networking and communication. Two of which are APPLE AND MICROSOFT.
The Pirates of the Silicon Valley tells about how Apple and Microsoft came to be today’s technological giants. It started when Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak came into an idea to create a computer for everyone to use thus naming their company Apple. They don’t have any ideas how to start their big project so they went to other company to steal some ideas. Apple became a big hit because of their invention that time. Then here comes two talented people Bill Gates and Steve Ballmer who wanted to make a company of their own (Microsoft). They partnered up with Steve Jobs. Little did Jobs and Wozniak know that Gates and Ballmer were planning to steal the Apple’s Operating System. Bill Gates is really a good liar since he convinced Steve Jobs that their intention is genuine. I remembered the actor that portrayed Bill Gates said and I quote, “Make your friends close and enemies closer.” Of course, Steve Jobs realized that Bill Gates developed Windows from software Apple had designed for their computers. The movie shows not only the development of these two computer companies, but also the rivalry between Steve Jobs and Bill Gates.
This film is a wonderful illustration of modern day entrepreneurs and gives us an inside look at the management style of both Steve Jobs and Bill Gates. I remembered a quote from a well-known artist Pablo Picasso that, “Good artist copy, Great artist steal.” They can totally relate on that quote.
It still amazed me how Apple and Microsoft are now considered the technological giants of the world that started with such small steps. Apple which is now famous for its Mac PC’s and iPhone’s and Microsoft which is famous for its software, contributes a wide range of help to people by means of their work, education, and many more. The film is really inspiring since it shows the men behind the machines, a story that shouldn’t be missed.
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