Learning Insights: History of Internet

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               I have always wondered how the internet came into being. How such phenomenal invention came into conception and became the cream of the crop at the current generation. As far as it is turned out to be, I have learned considerable things that I ought to express.

                It started in 1957 when there was a problem at batch processing and manual programming. There was also a problem with the release of the German Satellite Sputnik I that became a catalyst for America’s DARPA- Defence Advance Research Project Agency (a terminology I just learned about) to make its move to secure technological advancement. They conceived a large scale computer network named ARPANET. It is a collective collaboration of 3 major sectors namely : RAND Corp.(U.S Military Network), NPC (National Physics Lab in England), and CYCLADS (Scientific Network in France) which later become the foundations of modern internet. It is ran by an IMP (Interface Message Processor) and has 2 network working groups namely NCP (Network Control Protocol) and TCP (Transmission Control Protocol). After many happenings, it evolved and on February 28, 1990 ARPANET was shut down but the internet was up and cunning.

                The internet is indefinitely a vital tool that assists us on a daily basis. Knowing how it came into being makes us aware of its relevance and capabilities today and the coming days.

~LunaShea

©owner of the photo

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Learning Insights: BBC’s History of Computers

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             We all know that Computers are very rampant nowadays. We need to go back to the past to know how this giant technology became useful in our daily lives. Where did computer started? How and why did it expand and develop? What effects did these changes do to our world?

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              BBC docu-film about history of computers composes of 9 clips. I admit that it is really boring because of the black and white theme yet it doesn’t stop me in learning new things about computers. BBC made a very detailed history of computers and I’m going to share what I learned from it.

            As I was researching in google after I watched the clips, I learned that the first computers were people. Computer was originally a job title: it used to describe people where whose job is to perform repetitive calculations required to compute. I just find it intriguing how the said “job title” evolved into electronic machines.

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            Way back in World War II, the world’s first electronic, digital, programmable computer is called Colossus. They used it to decode the German’s messages back then. Colossus or ENIAC was highly a top secret even after the war. As what I understand, the complete version of Colossus is the ENIAC which is the first electronic general-purpose computer and the invention who helped the British decipher the German’s code. It was made by Alan Turing. He bears the title of “Father of the contemporary personal computer”. I was already amazed of Alan Turing when I first heard of him in my Sociology class and how he cracked the Nazi Enigma Code.

            It was the company Remington Rand Univac who first made the contract for computers. They made the UNIVAC I (UNIversal Automatic Computer I) and became the first commercial computer produced in U.S. In U.K, it was the company J. Lyons and Co. produce the first computer used for commercial business called LEO I (Lyons Electronic Office I). In 1974, MITS (Micro Instrumentation Telemetry Systems) designed the first microcomputer called Altair 8800. In 1976, the Apple Inc. released Apple Computer 1 (now Apple-1). In 1981, IBM introduced IBM Personal Computer or IBM PC.

            Computers really have a big impact in our society back then and now since it makes our task easier and it conserves our time. It helps people to do things no one can imagine. Computers are even a stepping stone in winning a war. It’s scary but it was how our world works as a year passes by. It’s really shocking how fast the industrialization is. Modernized world do wonder things in today’s society. We all have many high Technologies or upgraded computers nowadays. Before the computers considered as number but now we view it as our multitasking machines.

            But as this technology evolve and develop, raised a lot of consequences. Now, people lived in much more complex lives where they engage themselves into things not so much needed. This generation focuses more on enhancing technologies, investing more and more development of such technology thus forgetting about what is essential. The focus given to modernize technology left our simple ways of living to wanting more advancement and easy life which made us lazy and destroy our world. Industrialization is so fast and dominated this world and it’s by the same speed that we have destroyed ourselves and our home.

         To end this insight, I really do admire those persons who created and developed computers. They are pure genius.

~LunaShea

©owner of the photos

Learning Insights: IBM Centennial Presentation

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          “To visualize the future of IBM, you must know something about the past.” A quote from Thomas J. Watson Sr (ex-Chairman of IBM)

                IBM, International Business Machines, is the largest computer company in the world. As I watched the clip, I learned that this company contributed so much in our world especially on technology. It plays an important role in transforming business, science, and society for a century now. I am amazed on how they could do or change our world since before.

                They may not make computers anymore but they are still in demand. There are still softwares and systems running on Mainframe (large commercial) computers that they still maintain such as TSO, IBM/MVS,etc.

I learned some ideas that helped build IBM:

  • Have respect for the individual
  • Pursue all task with a great idea
  • Give a best service of any company around the world

            So basically, “THINK” is one unifying thread that connects all IBM. Thinking about values, about the needs of the customers, and trust at levels deeper and ahead of others. IBM is really a special company and ideal work place to work with.

              “For IBMers, long-term thinking means continually moving to the future,” said by the current Chairman of the Board and CEO of IBM Samuel J. Palmisano. It’s the key lesson of IBM over 100 years. No wonder they are still successful since then, now, and counting.

             IBM is really a great company. Being a centennial company is what makes it more special and inspiring. It tells us that running a big business is possible in over a century and still makes it more progressive and still be on the top.

~LunaShea

©owner of the photo

Learning Insights: Brief History of Computers

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           Computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out an arbitrary set of arithmetic or logical operations automatically (source: Wikipedia). Computers are very rampant nowadays. All ages know how to use it and even own one. We watched a short video about history of computers in my Computer class and learned several facts about it.

         Around 300 BC, the Abacus used pebbles for addition and subtraction in Babylon. In 1930’s, the first computer invented to use the yes or no principle was called Z Computer. Then the Mark 1 was invented during WW 1 for ballistic calculations. In 1951, UNIVAC was invented. IBM entered the scene in 1953, they made a computer called 701 then improvised into 704. Because of IBM’s 704, programmers create the first easy programming language called FORTRAN. In 1960, IBM released the world’s fastest computer.

                In 1980’s is the beginning of where modern computer starts to take place. In 1981, IBM released the IBM PC. The company Xerox made the XEROX Star 8010 that featured a Graphical User Interface in year 1980. Steve Job then founded Apple Computers, Inc. Steve Job visited Xerox and saw their GUI system. A  Xerox scientist who made the GUI gave the GUI he developed to Steve Jobs thus the released of Lisa in 1983. Apple then released Macintosh. Then here comes Bill Gate, who founded Microsoft.  Microsoft released Windows 1.0 in 1985. In 1987, they released Windows 2.0. Apple then released iMac. In 2001, things have changed when Apple release the Mac OSXMac OSX. It was Apple’s most powerful system. The Windows XP was released also on the same year. In 2007, Microsoft released Windows Vista then Windows 7 in 2009.

                As I watched the given video, I can really tell that computer technology increased more in last 5 years than in last 100 years. Because of this advances, we can now do things easier. Salute to the inventors who contributed making such phenomenal machine!

~LunaShea

©owner of the photo

Learning Insights: The Pirates of the Silicon Valley

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               The biggest success comes from every small step.” We all know that in today’s generation we only have the best, which means all or nothing. Simply because life is now easier for us considering our modern technology. 

                     Before technology expanded, went deeper, and became a need in our everyday lives, we had a simple way of living: farming, fishing, carpentry, and many more. Now that we came to see and realize the modern reality, came the magic of technology. This made our lives easier. Machines were built for farming, fishing, and carpentry to be made easier. But the most important discovery and inventions were technologies used for networking and communication. Two of which are APPLE AND MICROSOFT.

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                         The Pirates of the Silicon Valley tells about how Apple and Microsoft came to be today’s technological giants. It started when Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak came into an idea to create a computer for everyone to use thus naming their company Apple. They don’t have any ideas how to start their big project so they went to other company to steal some ideas.  Apple became a big hit because of their invention that time. Then here comes two talented people Bill Gates and Steve Ballmer who wanted to make a company of their own (Microsoft). They partnered up with Steve Jobs. Little did Jobs and Wozniak know that Gates and Ballmer were planning to steal the Apple’s Operating System. Bill Gates is really a good liar since he convinced Steve Jobs that their intention is genuine. I remembered the actor that portrayed Bill Gates said and I quote, “Make your friends close and enemies closer.” Of course, Steve Jobs realized that Bill Gates developed Windows from software Apple had designed for their computers. The movie shows not only the development of these two computer companies, but also the rivalry between Steve Jobs and Bill Gates.

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                      This film is a wonderful illustration of modern day entrepreneurs and gives us an inside look at the management style of both Steve Jobs and Bill Gates. I remembered a quote from a well-known artist Pablo Picasso that, “Good artist copy, Great artist steal.” They can totally relate on that quote.

                       It still amazed me how Apple and Microsoft are now considered the technological giants of the world that started with such small steps. Apple which is now famous for its Mac PC’s and iPhone’s and Microsoft which is famous for its software, contributes a wide range of help to people by means of their work, education, and many more.  The film is really inspiring since it shows the men behind the machines, a story that shouldn’t be missed.

~LunaShea

©owner of the photos

Fallacy of Chemistry

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At first you were like Beryllium

A toxic dust in my life that makes me doom

Your face always made me ill

But you kept on annoying me still.

You always said that your intention is like Nitrogen,

Bland, clear, and genuine

Yet I see you as Boron,

Heart so black, hard and looks like a moron.

As day passes by, you seemed to glow

Like Neon that gave me light, I know

All of you burn as Sodium with yellow flame

Hopefully, you don’t treat this like a game.

Our relationship was so strong like Aluminum it’s called

All of our friends were appalled

We always stand and walk our problems,

There’s Calcium in our relationship, I proclaimed.

But all things comes to an end

Like Ununoctium in a periodic table of element

Our Magnesium feelings that flashes in light

Was now gone and had lost its bright.

You’re now a Flourine to me

Very bad for my health apparently

Those elemental relationships we had are all fallacy

I now realized, we never had a Chemistry  

~LunaShea

©owner of the photo

Credo

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Don’t be discontented in many things

For it would lead to oneself’s misery

Don’t talk and use word that stings

It makes people to be bleak with dreary

Make adjustments and learn from challenges

Never fall apart and become a victim of circumstances

Always accept the truth that life presents to you

Unfortunate events are springboards for the better you

Strive hard to attain the highest level of happiness

Do it on your own terms and never at other’s expenses

 Because what the body achieves

is always what the mind believes

Wake up with a smile and full of determination

At the end of the day, you’ll be filled with satisfaction

Believe the possibility of the impossibility

Tell others, “I can. I will. End of the Story!”

Look for something positive each day

Don’t let the irrational part of soul to lead you astray

Learn to take some criticism

It helps you grow up and be on rythm

Be a good example to everyone

Don’t dream of lost opportunities and fall into oblivion

Create a grandest vision possible of life

Go confidently in the direction of your dreams and hold such strife

~LunaShea

©owner of the photo

This is a project of my FFP class in the University I attended. Enjoy! 😊